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Official Photos- NASA Dryden - Page 3
This page contains photos of aircraft flown at NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility, past and present. All North Spin photographs are Copyright by the photographers that took them, and are not to be re-posted or redistributed.

Subject: X-1-1 - AFFTC/NACA #46-0062 (Ship 1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1947
Credit: NASA

Notes: This X-1 was nicknamed "Glamorous Glennis" by Chuck Yeager in honor of his wife. X-1-1 was the first of three X-1's built by Bell.

Subject: X-1-2 - AFFTC/NACA #46-0063 (Ship 2) - NACA #?
Location: South Base - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1951
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1-2 was the second X-1 delivered, and flew until 10/23/1951, which included 74 powered and un-powered flights, with nine different pilots.

Subject: X-1-2 - AFFTC/NACA #46-0063 (Ship 2) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1949
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1 aircraft were originally designated XS-1 for 'Experimental Supersonic'. All three aircraft were delivered in white paint.


Subject: X-1A - AFFTC/NACA #48-1384 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 7/?/1955
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1A was similar to the X-1 series aircraft. Visual differences were a new canopy and longer fuselage. Due to the extreme cold of the liquid oxygen and its effect on paint, a bare metal section was used over the propellant tank.

Subject: X-1A - AFFTC/NACA #48-1384 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1955
Credit: NASA

Notes: During a test flight that NACA test pilot Joe Walker was to have made on 7/20/1955, an explosion damaged the X-1A while still connected to the JTB-29A mother-ship. The X-1A was jettisoned and destroyed.


Subject: X-1B - AFFTC/NACA #48-1385 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1956
Credit: NASA

Notes: The Bell X-1B had better propulsion, greater fuel capacity, a more traditional cockpit and canopy, and was almost 5' longer than the original X-1.

Subject: X-1B - AFFTC/NACA #48-1385 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1956
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1B completed a total of 27 powered and un-powered flights, by eight USAF test pilots and two NACA test pilots.


Subject: X-1E - AFFTC/NACA #46-0063 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1955
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1E was the X-1-2 rebuilt with a thinner wing, stepped canopy, and low-pressure fuel system. It flew through 1958 at the center, and was the last of the X-1 series aircraft to be tested.

Subject: X-1E - AFFTC/NACA #46-0063 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1988
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-1E was eventually mounted in front of the Dryden main administration building.


Subject: X-2 - AFFTC/NACA #46-0675 (Ship #2) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1952
Credit: NASA

Notes: Bell aircraft built two X-2 swept-wing aircraft, that were designed to exceed Mach 3. #46-0674 was the #1 ship, and #46-0675 was the #2 ship.


Subject: X-3 - AFFTC/NACA #49-2892 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1956
Credit: NASA

Notes: Douglas built two X-3 "Stiletto" aircraft. #49-2893 was ship #2.

Subject: X-3 - AFFTC/NACA #49-2892 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1955
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-3 was intended for sustained flight research above Mach 2, but due to the use of underpowered Westinghouse J34 turbojet engines, it never exceeded Mach 1 in level flight.


Subject: X-4 - AFFTC/NACA #46-0676 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 8/?/1950
Credit: NASA

Notes: The Northrop X-4 Bantam was a swept-wing design that lacked vertical stabs, and was built to investigate such a configuration at transonic speeds. Two aircraft were built, #46-0677 being the second.


Subject: X-5 - AFFTC/NACA #50-1838 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1952
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-5 was the first aircraft capable of sweeping its wings in flight.

Subject: X-5 - AFFTC/NACA #50-1838 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 1/?/1952
Credit: NASA

Notes: Two X-5's were built by Bell... Ship #1 (50-1838) was flown at the NACA from 1951 to 1955. Ship #2 (50-1839) was operated by Bell and the USAF.


Subject: X-15-1 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6670 (Ship #1) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1960
Credit: NASA

Notes: The three combined North American built X-15's made a total of 199 test flights throughout the program.


Subject: X-15A-2 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6671 (Ship #2) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1965
Credit: NASA

Notes: #671 was the second of three X-15 aircraft built by North American. The aircraft is pictured here with two external fuel tanks, which were added during its conversion to the X-15A-2 configuration in the mid-1960's.

Subject: X-15A-2 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6671 (Ship #2) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 6/21/1967
Credit: NASA

Notes: The #2 ship is pictured after receiving a full-scale ablative coating, which would protect the aircraft from the high temperatures in supersonic flight. This ablative coating was used when the #2 aircraft reached a record speed of 4,520 mph (Mach 6.7).

Subject: X-15A-2 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6671 (Ship #2) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 6/26/1967
Credit: NASA

Notes: Days after receiving a full-scale ablative coating, a white sealer coating was then applied to the aircraft.


Subject: X-15-3 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6672 (Ship #3) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1961
Credit: NASA

Notes: Ship #3 made 65 flights during the program, attaining a top speed of Mach 5.65 and a maximum altitude of 354,200 feet.

Subject: X-15-3 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6672 (Ship #3) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1962
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-15-3 was destroyed during a flight on 11/15/1967, resulting in the death of Maj. Michael J. Adams.

Subject: X-15-3 - AFFTC/NACA #56-6672 (Ship #3) - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: N/A
Credit: NASA

Notes: X-15 #3 is airborne on one of its flights over the desert.


Subject: X-24A - AFFTC/NACA #66-13551 - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1968
Credit: NASA

Notes: One X-24A was built by Martin. This aircraft was part of the 'lifting bodies' program, and was used to demonstrate the concept of landing wingless vehicles returning from space.

Subject: X-24B - AFFTC/NACA #66-13551 - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 11/?/1972
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-24B was rebuilt from the X-24A. Top speed achieved by the X-24B was 1,164 mph and the highest altitude it reached was 74,130 feet.

Subject: X24B & NASA F-104 #812 - AFFTC/NACA
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 10/?/1975
Credit: NASA

Notes: Pictured in its late white scheme, the X-24B is seen simulating a shuttle lake bed landing, with NASA F-104 #812 as its chase aircraft.


Subject: X-29 - DARPA/NASA/USAF #82-0003 (Ship #1) - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 7/24/1987
Credit: NASA

Notes: Two X-29 aircraft were built by Grumman and flew from Dryden between 1984 and 1992. The X-29 explored advanced composites, variable-camber wing surfaces, forward- swept wing design, computerized fly-by-wire systems, and many other ideas.

Subject: X-29 - DARPA/NASA/USAF #82-0049 (Ship #2) - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 11/?/1990
Credit: NASA

Notes: Ship #1 was built using F-5A #63-8372. Ship #2 was built using F-5A #65-10573. The X-29 aircraft flew a total of 436 test missions.


Subject: X-31 - DARPA/NASA/Germany/USN/USAF BuNo 164585 (Ship #2)
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1993
Credit: NASA

Notes: The X-31 Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability (EFM) demonstrators flew at Dryden from 1992 to 1995. The program focused on using thrust vectoring, coupled with an advanced flight control system.

Subject: X-31 - DARPA/NASA/Germany/USN/USAF BuNo 164585 (Ship #2)
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1994
Credit: NASA

Notes: Ship #2 is seen in formation with NASA F/A-18 #847. Ship #1 held BuNo 164584. Both aircraft made 108 collective test flights out of the Rockwell Palmdale plant, before coming to Dryden.


Subject: X-Wing - DARPA/NASA #72-002 - NASA #741
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1986
Credit: NASA

Notes: Built by Sikorsky, the X-Wing was the Rotor Systems Research Aircraft (RSRA), which was a joint NASA Ames/US Army project. The program began in the early 1970's, investigating ways of increasing the speed of rotor aircraft, and worked at Dryden, starting in 1986.


Subject: XB-70A-1 - US Air Force #62-0001 (Ship #1) - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 8/17/1965
Credit: NASA

Notes: The XB-70 Valkyrie was North American's answer for a high-altitude, supersonic bomber. Two prototypes were created... XB-70A-1 (62-0001) and XB-70A-2 (62-0207). Ship #2 was destroyed in an unfortunate mid-air collision with NASA F-104N #813 in 1966, killing pilot Dr. Joseph A. Walker in the F-104, and the XB-70A copilot, Maj. Carl Cross.

Subject: XB-70A-1 - US Air Force #62-0001 (Ship #1) - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1967
Credit: NASA

Notes: Originally designed as a Mach 3 bomber, the XB-70A never went into production and was instead used for flight research.


Subject: XF-91 - AFFTC/NACA - Serial #46-0680 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 3/?/1951
Credit: NASA

Notes: NACA reports show that there was some brief testing done using an XF-91 Thunderceptor that was available on the base.


Subject: XF-92A - AFFTC/NACA - Serial #46-0682 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 1/?/1953
Credit: NASA

Notes: After the USAF had finished testing with the XF-92A, NACA took over the flight test program in 1953... Scott Crossfield flew all 25 NACA flights in XF-92A program, over a six-month period.

Subject: XF-92A - AFFTC/NACA - Serial #46-0682 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1953
Credit: NASA

Notes: The Convair XF-92A aircraft was powered by an Allison J33-A turbojet engine with an afterburner, and was America’s first delta wing design.


Subject: XV-15 - NASA/US Army - NASA #703 (Ship #2?)
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1980
Credit: NASA

Notes: This photo shows the Bell XV-15 Tiltrotor aircraft, which were tested for a limited time at Dryden between 1980 and 1981. There was a another ship that wore #702. The XV-15's carried 7xx numbers, due to their work at Ames FRC.


Subject: YF-12A - US Air Force #60-6935 - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1972
Credit: NASA

Notes: A joint NASA/USAF program was started in June 1969 to use YF-12A aircraft #60-6935 and #60-6936 for flight research. On 12/11/1969 the flight program got underway with the successful maiden flight of #935, piloted by Col. Joe Rogers and Maj. Gary Heidelbaugh.

Subject: YF-12A - US Air Force #60-6937 & #60-6935 - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1975
Credit: NASA

Notes: #936 made 62 flights and was then lost in a non-fatal crash on 6/24/1971. It was replaced by what was called YF-12C #60-6937, but was actually SR-71A #61-7951 that was modified with YF-12A inlets and engines. #935 & #937 are seen in formation in this photo.


Subject: YF-17 - US Air Force #72-1569 - NASA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1976
Credit: NASA

Notes: NASA utilized the Northrop YF-17 Cobra demonstrator at Dryden from 5/27/1976 to 7/14/1976, which included 25 test flights. Originally built for the USAF lightweight fighter competition, the YF-17 went on to be involved in the Navy F-18 program. The F/A-18 Hornet would then evolve from the YF-17.


Subject: YF-102 - US Air Force #53-1785 - NACA #?
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1955
Credit: NASA

Notes: Convair YF-102 #785 was utilized by Dryden in 1955 to study pitch-up characteristics during maneuvering. The aircraft was equipped with wing-fences which can be seen on the left wing, to alleviate the pitch-up.


Subject: YO-3A - Schweizer SGS-2-32 - NASA #818
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: 10/29/2004
Credit: NASA

Notes: The YO-3A was originally a Schweizer SGS-2-32 sailplane. In the late 1960's, Lockheed modified over a dozen of these sailplanes to create ultra-quiet recon aircraft for use over South Vietnam. The aircraft is used at Dryden for acoustic measurements of other aircraft, including sonic booms and rotor noise.


Subject: YRF-84F - US Air Force #51-1828 - NACA #154
Location: NASA Dryden FRC - Edwards AFB, CA
Date: ?/?/1954
Credit: NASA

Notes: YRF-84F #51-1828 came to Dryden in 1954 and departed in 1956. Republic developed the aircraft as a reconnaissance version of the YF-84F and only built one prototype. Dryden also had YF-84A #45-59490 (NACA #134) which came from Langley, and YF-84A #45-59488, which came from Ames.




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